Genetic Up-gradation of Cattle and Female Calf Rearing Project Introduction:
The Orissa Livestock Sector policy explicitly seeks to make livestock rearing a means of social and economic development of the rural population, enabling steady growth of rural household income, increasing rural employment opportunities and improving quality of life, cutting across caste, class and gender.
Thousands of poor farm households in Orissa depend on different forms of Livestock to varying degrees for their subsistence. Livestock is the major source of supplementary income for the rural households in Orissa Livestock production is an integral part of the rural livelihood systems. The development of the livestock sector is the critical pathway to alleviation of rural poverty.
Therefore, there is need to provide an enabling environment in which livestock rearers are able to take advantage of the opportunities. Livestock production has the potential to demonstrate appreciable growth by giving right kind of support.
In order to increase the present per-capita consumption of milk of 104 gms per day against the National average of 246 gms per day, it requires effective genetic up-gradation programme in a more aggressive manner in order to increase the CB population in the State. It is projected to perform 17 Lakhs AI per annum by 2011-12.There will be focused and specialized attention on the successful implementation of genetic up-gradation programme, which is currently implemented through NPCBB Programme.
One of the factors that affect genetic up-gradation is that farmers often neglect crossbred calves because of the cost involved in rearing them to heifers. Therefore, it is required to support the farmers in rearing of female cross bred calves born out of Artificial Insemination.
This scheme seeks to assist the dairy farmers to rear cross bred heifer calves. The main aim of the scheme is to provide proper nutrition to enable the calves to mature earlier and produce more milk. The cross bred heifer calves are selected from the age group of 4-10 months. The feed is supplied from the 4th month up to 28th months or calving whichever is earlier. Under the scheme farmers will be assisted so as to enable them to provide nutrition to their female calves. The calves booked under the scheme will be insured and routine deworming will also be done.