Integrated Fodder Development Programme
Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for most of the rural population in the state of Odisha. Agricultural byproducts are inputs for livestock rearing which brings supplementary income to rural poor. The feeding management of the crossbred dairy animal in rural area is becoming uneconomical as the productivity of the animal depends on nutritionally balanced feed. Although cereals are produced by the rural farmer their by-products come back as feed ingredients to livestock farmers with added costs through a series of middle men and traders. On the other hand the feed ingredients are also in demand from the Poultry feed & Fish feed manufacturers.
This production input sourcing situation forces the livestock keepers to rear their crossbred milch animals by allowing them to graze in common property resources (CPR) like Gochar, waste land, barren land and current fallows and by feeding them on nutritionally poor crop residues subjecting the cross bred livestock to a nutritionally unbalanced feeding regime resulting in sub – optimal production.