Goat farming constitutes the means of livelihood of over 25 per cent of Odishaâ€™s rural population. Goats are reared predominantly by the landless and marginal farmers and to a lesser extent by the small farmers too (together some 80 per cent), as a means of livelihood.
Odisha is also famous for the native germplasm like Ganjam, Black Bengal, Raighar, Badavihana. These breeds are unique in nature and adapt to the local situation very well.
The traditional goat husbandry system operates with the rearing of indigenous species in small numbers or in small flocks by individual families. The inputs in terms of financial investment for such type of venture are nearly zero and therefore, the productivity is also low in this conventional small holder system.