The name of ‘Khariar’breed has been derived from the place of its origin,the Khariar region in Nuapada district in Orissa. Good number of these animals are found in Khariar,Sinapalli and Boden area in Nuapada district.The adjoining areas in Kalahandi and Bolangir district also harbor a few animals of this breed.
The coat colour of Khariar cattle ranges from light brown to grey with unique orientation of horn. Khariar is basically a draft animal.The bullocks are very good draft animals are prepared in and around the native tract for agricultural operation and transportation. However, the cows produce considerable quantity of milk, often used for family consumption and even marketed at times.
Khariar cattle have many good qualities like adaptability to low input system of management, heat tolerance, low incidence of diseases and good draft capacity. Keeping in view the economic importance, productivity, draft ability and adaptability of Khariar cattle in its native tract along with the socio-economic status of the farmers, efforts should be made for conservation and improvement of this valuable germplasm through selective breeding.